Sinusitis or accessory sinus suppuration is bacterial inflammation of the nasal and contiguous sinuses following acute rhinitis
and contiguous sinuses following acute infection especially streptococci. Sometimes the infection from the second bicuspid
and first two molar teeth whose roots are near to the antral floor. Sinusitis is an important etiological factor in the causation
of many diseases of the lower respiratory tract.
Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses often follows the common cold, influenza, and other general infections. Germs that would
normally be eliminated from the body may sometimes find their way into these little sinuses or chambers on each side of the
nasal passages. Trouble may be due to inadequate drainage resulting from a deviated septum, or perhaps to the presence of
polyps. Any chronic infection within the nose may lead to sinuses.
Acute Sinusitis is characterized by moderate degree of fever and local pain. The latter depends on the site affected: if frontal
sinus, forehead; antrum, on one cheek: sphenoidal sinus, deep-seated headache. Headache is more marked in the afternoon.
Exposure to marked changes in temperature and humidity may also result in generalized inflammation within the nose, and this
may extend into the sinuses. Dental abscesses may find their way into the maxillary sinuses, which are located on each side
of the nose just above the jaw.
There is a purulent nasal discharge and in some cases, epistaxis. A progressive ill health continues. The patient usually
complains of headache, postnatal discharge, pain and perhaps a low-grade fever, lack of appetite, loss of smell and even toothache.
The trouble usually begins in one sinus and unless checked it may soon spread to other areas.
Most cases clear up rapidly under good treatment, but some go on to the chronic stage. Sinus headaches are usually felt in
the forehead and behind the eyes, or in the face just below the eyes. Many patients think they are having frequent colds,
when in reality the trouble is due to recurrent sinus infection.
The infection may extend to the eyes, ears, throat and tracheo- bronchial tree occasionally intracranial complications as
meningitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis and brain abscess may appear.
In severe cases of sinusitis, the inside of the nose appears boggy and red and may be covered with a thin layer of pus. X-rays
of the sinuses may show the presence of fluid or even polyps growing inside the involved sinus. The inflammation may also
cause a severe infection of the middle ear, as well as bronchopneumonia, asthmatic attacks and even an abscess of the brain
in rare cases.
Chronic sinus infection may not cause any definite symptoms except during exacerbations. This is frequently associated with
many chronic respiratory infections.
HOME REMEDIES FOR SINUS INFECTION
· Inhale steam 2-4 times per day by leaning over a bowl of boiling hot water or using a steam vaporizer with a towel over
the head and bowl to prevent the escape of the steam.
· Get plenty of rest. Do not lie down it will make your sinuses feel more stopped-up, so try lying on the side that lets you
breathe the best.
· Sleeping with your head elevated will encourage drainage during the night.
· Eliminate sugar from your diet.
· The juice of garlic has on the entire system as it helps dissolve an accumulation of mucus in the sinus cavities, bronchial
tubes and the lungs.
· Prepare a mixture by adding one eyedropper of 3% hydrogen peroxide, one pinch salt, one pinch baking soda, and purified
water. Shake well. Put a little in each nostril and keep in there awhile, making faces to move it around, move head, etc.
to move it around.
· Always avoid dairy products when you have any sinus congestion of any kind.
· Prepare a mixture of these herbs, fennel seeds, flaxseeds and fenugreek seeds. Allow it to steep for a few minutes, stir
and drink copious amounts.
· Put a little salt in the palm of your hand, mix with warm water, plug one nostril and sniff the water & salt solution up.
Repeat for the other nostril.
· Gargle with salt water and flush your nose/sinuses out with salt water.
· Chop up two or three cloves of garlic. Put in small cup and cover with about 40 drops of water, let it stand (10-15) min's
so the water can absorb the oils from the garlic. Put 20 drops in each nostril.
· Take large doses of vitamin C to cure sinusitis.
· Make a solution by adding colloidal silver, diluted tea tree and eucalyptus oil and apply to sinus area.
· Avoid taking too much fruit juice. Avoid completely milk and dairy products.
· Applying a hot or a cold compress over the inflamed area would also provide relief.
· A decoction of mustard seed powder and water, instilled in the nostrils gives relief.
· Drinking a lot of water and other fluids would also help.
· Keeping a towel, hat or warm scarf over forehead, cheeks as you sleep can really help.
· Using a humidifier in the room where you sleep is an excellent way to prevent and treat a sinus infection.
· Persons suffering from sinusitis should avoid swimming in swimming pools treated with chlorine, since it irritates the lining
of the nose and sinuses.